"Making Japanese Plum Syrup and Umeshu (Plum Liqueur)"
By Cornelia and Lesley Takeda [10 June 2007]
make plum syrup? Well, it's incredibly easy. Think of it as similar to
a raspberry cordial but with a completely different and unique flavor. It is
sweet, yet refreshing, when it is mixed together with ice cold water,
or club soda, or even shochu (a white grain alcohol), to make a
light beverage good for hot and humid weather. It is considered a
healthy drink by the Japanese!
in Japan carry the paraphernalia for making plum syrup from
about the end of May to the middle of June. It is made by boiling down
the juice extracted from plums and sugar. But it is possible to skip
the boiling part, if you can't be bothered.
- Green (unripe) ume plums 1kg
- Sugar 1kg
- Sterile glass container
- fork or toothpick
- Rock sugar, crystaline sugar or your favorite sugar. (In my case, the cheapest one!)
plums gently in water. Immerse in water for 6 - 8 hours to remove
Aku (bitterness), a step that I have skipped more than once.
Drain well and gently remove the stem, using the bamboo skewer
(or fork or even toothpick). Using the same skewer to poke holes
in the plums all the way around about every centimeter.
the sterile bottle, place the sugar and plums alternately with the
top layer being sugar. Place in a cool dark place where the bottle
won't be knocked over.
every day! At least once, but even twice a day is good. Do this by
shaking the bottle which mixes the plums and the sugar. (This is
another step that I've skipped more than once, inadvertantly.) The goal
in making the plum syrup is to extract the plum juice and to get the
sugar to dissolve as quickly as possible. If it takes a long time to
dissolve the sugar, the liquid starts to ferment. After about 10 days,
when the plums become wrinkled, remove the plums.
Put the strained plum juice into a saucepan and heat on low. Scoop off
the white scum and simmer. When the white scum has stopped forming,
remove from heat. Cool overnight. Filter through gauze (or a piece of
clean old t-shirt or even a clean cotton sock) and then put in bottles.
* Because the extract will ferment a little, loosen the cover occasionally,
to reduce the air pressure. (Another step that I've completely omitted,
and, no, the jar did not explode.)
* From 1kg of Ume plums expect to make approximately 800 cc of plum syrup.
* Use the wrinkled plums for making plum jam! Some people like to eat them just the way they are. One can be left in the bottom of the drink.
* If you do what I did, put the sugar on, tightened the lid, and let it sit
for a year, you may still get a very nice result. My extract was quite syrupy
without boiling! And I did produce a low alcohol level of maybe 1%. [Cornelia]
The Strong Stuff:
To make the Umeshu, translated as Plum Liqueur, which is not too
strong actually, generally no more than 14% alcohol), you simply add a
bunch of Shochu to the mixture of unripe plums and sugar. They
sell a special one for the purpose. There's usually a little recipe
printed on the tetra-pak (in Japanese of course). In some recipes it
says to wait 15 days (turning the jar over every day) and some say 16
days, etc. As with the syrup extract, the important thing is for all
the sugar to be dissolved. In my case, I take the fruit out when I get
around to it! An extra week or so doesn't seem to change anything. Some
commercial brands even have some fruit purposely included in the bottle.
Choya Brand sells an Umeshu.
Their label has written in English "Traditional Japanese Fruit Liqueur",
and it is 14% alcohol.
Lesley Takeda, homemaker, English
teacher, mother of three, and long time resident of Tokyo, hails from
Australia. She has a lot of Japanese under her belt, and helped with research!
Mail for Lesley received via the JWK contact form will be forwarded to her.
Related Discussions and Links:
A history of Umeshu in English.
About the Ume fruit
General Discussions: Cooking / Baking: Japanese food
Shopping in Japan: Foods
Consumer Reports: Food Additives
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