National Pension System
(This information is taken from the brochure "Have you applied for the National Pension System?" by the Social Insurance Agency. This brochure is available in English, Japanese, Korean, Chinese, and Spanish.)
If you are a non-Japanese and officially residing in Japan, i.e., the holder of an Alien Registration Card, you are supposed to be covered under a public pension system administered by the Japanese government.
This leaflet explains the application procedure for the National Pension System which covers all the residents in Japan who are between the ages of 20 and 59 irrespective of nationality.
Non-Japanese eligible for the National Pension System Coverage
If you are a non-Japanese between the ages of 20 and 59, and the holder of an Alien Registration Card, you are supposed to be covered by the National Pension System. You may apply for this coverage at the office where you reside (hereinafter referred to as the municipal office).
If you are employed in a company or factory in Japan, you must be covered under the Employees' Pension Insurance System, in which case you do not need to apply for the National Pension System. Please consult the person in your company in charge of applications for the Employees' Pension Insurance System; each company is responsible for applying on behalf of its employees.
If you do not join the Employees' Pension System you may join the National Pension System.
If you qualify for the coverage, you will be entitled to the following benefits provided by the National Pension System.
When you become disabled: Disability Basic Pension
When you die: Survivor's Basic Pension
When you become old: Old-age Basic Pension
In case of ineligibility for pension benefits because of recent admission to the pension plan:
Withdrawal of lump sum
Nenkin-Techo; Pension Handbook
Nenkin-Techo, or a Pension Handbook, is issued when your application is filed.
You must present your Nenkin-Techo when submitting any pension related form or inquiring in person about a pension-related matter. Don't forget to bring it with you.
Your Nenkin-Techo contains your Basic Pension Number, issued exclusively to you. Your Basic Pension Number is used as the means of managing your pension enrollment records. Because your Basic Pension Number is used in processing pension-related matters, it is best kept confidential. For instance, don't show your Nenkin-Techo to others unnecessarily. Handle your Nenkin-Techo with adequate care and keep it in a safe place.
After you have joined the National Pension System, you must pay the monthly insurance premium.
Should a question arise, consult with your local municipal office or social insurance office.
If you have any questions about the National Pension System, please don't hesitate to consult with your local municipal office or social insurance office.
Payment of Premiums
Premiums must be paid by the due date indicated on the premium bill sent from the municipal office.
You may pay your premiums at the municipal office or at banks or post offices designated by the municipal office. You may also apply for automatic transfer of premiums from your bank account at the municipal office's National Pension counter of the financial institution where you bank.
Any problems in paying premiums?
If you have difficulty paying the premiums, please consult the municipal office rather that just not paying. If it is determined that special difficulty exists in your case, you might be exempted from the obligation to pay premiums.
Change of address or coverage status
When you move to another city, ward, town or village after you have joined the pension system, you must pay the premiums at the municipal office where you register your new address. Also, please advise the municipal office when you become an employee of a company, i.e., you become covered under the Employees' Pension Insurance System, because you then no longer need to pay the National Pension premiums. You must present your Nenkin-Techo when reporting such changes.
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